Knee Ligaments – Why Do They Matter?

Overview Torn knee ligaments are one of the most common injuries among sports people. They occur for various reasons – a differing mechanism of injury according to which ligament is injured. Most people will not understand the function of the … Read More

Why Do You Have Shoulder Pain?

Overview It’s very common for patients to come in presenting with ‘shoulder pain’. The ‘shoulder’ is so broad and different patients report ‘shoulder pain’ for different presentations. WHERE is the pain? Is it between your shoulder blades? In your neck? … Read More

Acute Meniscal Tears

Anatomy The menisci are load bearing structures in your knee. They fill the gaps between the round shape of the femur (thigh bone) and the flat, upper surface of the tibia (shin bone). Thus, this improves shock absorption; it disperses … Read More

Runner’s Knee

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (runner’s knee) is pain under the knee cap or anterior knee pain. It is an extremely common reason why active people (in particularly runners) seek healthcare. It occurs when the patella (knee cap) does not track properly … Read More

Load Management For Tendinopathies

Overview ‘Tendinopathy’ is an umbrella term used to describe disease of a tendon. Tendinopathies are complex injuries due to their varied nature, differential diagnoses and stubborn response to treatment. Tendinopathy encompasses any problem involving the tendon (eg. Achilles or patella … Read More

Sore Neck?

Overview The deep neck flexors are the muscles on the front of your neck that stabilise the cervical spine, ensuring an appropriately aligned posture. These muscles attach along your cervical spine, as well as onto your upper ribs and vertebral … Read More

Lumbar Disc Herniation

Overview – Lumbar Disc Herniation TWO-THIRDS OF HERNIATED DISCS HEAL ON THEIR OWN!! – RESULTS FROM A RECENT META-ANALYSIS Too many people think that once you have a lumbar disc herniation (disc bulge), that you’ve got it for life. Well, … Read More

Tennis Elbow

Overview Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylalgia) is a condition in which the tendons attaching at your elbow become inflamed and painful due to repetitive wrist movements. The main muscles involved are the wrist extensors (especially extensor carpi radialis brevis). It is … Read More

Piriformis, An Internal Rotator?

What is the Piriformis? Piriformis is a deep external rotator muscle of the hip (hip rotation that turns the toes outwards). It runs from the front of your sacrum and attaches onto the bone you can feel on the outside … Read More

Prevent Osteoarthritis

Overview Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease of the articular cartilage in the load-bearing joints of the body. Healthy articular cartilage acts as a joint-lubricator, providing a surface for low friction articulation and smooth movement. Following cartilage break down, this … Read More